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19. század

Pakhlavan Mahmud Mausoleum is the holiest site in Khiva and it belongs to the highlights of any city tour. It is named after Pakhlavan Mahmud (1247-1325), a local craftsman making fur hats who was also a talented poet and a  famous wrestler. The local hero was entombed here, at the former place of his workshop but it soon  became a pilgrimage site and several khans decided to be buried here as well. They turned the small mausoleum into a spectacular emerald-green domed shrine.

Published in Khiva

Tosh Hovli (or Tash Hauli) Palace was built by the order of Allah Kuli Khan in 1832. It consists of three courtyards: the reception area, the harem and the guesthouse area. Visitors are nowadays allowed to tour the harem courtyard, so we'll also focus on this part of the palace complex.

Published in Khiva

Medressas were to some extent similar to European universities. Both students and their teachers were living together (like in some colleges) and specific scientific subjects were taught in each medressa (like in case of a faculty).

Published in Khiva

Both Itchan Kala, the inner town of Khiva and Dishan Kala, the outer town used to be surrounded by enormous walls in all four directions.

Lengths of the walls of the inner town  is about 2,200 metres. Their height can reach up to 11 metres and these massive walls have an average width of 4 metres and a maximum of 8 metres. Names of the four gates of the inner town are as follows: West Gate (Ata-Darvaza), North Gate (Bagcha-Darvaza), East Gate (Palvan-Darvaza) and South Gate (Tash-Darvaza).

Published in Khiva

The term „Kunya Ark” means „Original Citadel” reminding us of the fact, that the first residence of the khans of Khiva was also used for military functions. In fact it is a fortress within the fortified walls of Itchan Kala, but the khans have rebuilt it into a magnificent palace throughout the centuries. Despite the construction of Tosh Hauli Palace in the 1830's which was followed by another residence outside the walls, Kunya Ark remained in use till the 20th century.

Published in Khiva

An emblem of Khiva, the unfinished Kalta Minor Minaret stands next to the Mohammed Amin Khan Medressa. The khan of Khiva decided to build the tallest minaret in entire Central Asia and   construction was started in 1851. However the minaret never got completed because Mohammed Amin Khan died abruptly in a battle in 1855.

Published in Khiva

Donizetti Theatre is named after the great composer of Bergamo. It is famous for the opera, drama, operetta and ballet seasons, the Festival Bergamo Jazz, concerts of modern singers, symphonic concerts and the prestigious Festival Pianistico Internazionale.

Published in Bergamo

Bagaya Kyaung was entirely built of teak wood during the reign of King Bagyidaw in 1834. Besides being a monastery, it was also used as a palace, as it can be clearly identified by the existence of the tower, a typical secular feature of royal palaces.

Published in Inwa and Sagaing

Maha Aungmye Bonzan (or Maha Aung Myay Bonzan) is the brick monastery of Queen Nanmadaw Me Nu, built for royal abbots Nyaunggan Sayadaw U Po and U Bok. Thus it is also called as Me Nu Ok Kyaung, literally meaning the brick (ok) monastery (kyaung) of Queen Me Nu. She was the chief queen of King Bagyidaw of Konbaung dynasty of Burma from 1819 to 1837.

Published in Inwa and Sagaing

The gilded stupa of  Kuthodaw Pagoda was modeled after Shwezigon Pagoda at Nyaung-U near Bagan. Construction of the building was begun in 1857 by King Mindon, who wanted to leave a great work by merit and thus decided to create the world's largest book around the central stupa.

Published in Mandalay
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